Schizophrenia: want to get over from it?

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Schizophrenia ! Have you ever heard this before? If no, then i want to tell you , schizophrenia was a very rare mental disorder. But, now this chronic disorder is very common. It starts from your brain and slowly affects the whole sensory, motor activities. Sometimes it has some serious effects on young adults.

 

What does schizophrenia mean?

 

It mainly refers to a person who has all the characteristics of this brain disorder. Like; hallucination, confusing thoughts, visualizing some things that are not present there , disorganized speech , abnormal body movement and also do not accept what  the reality is.

 

According to American Psychiatric Association(APA),

Schizophrenia affects less than 1% of the population.

 

Statistical reports

 

The statistical report of 2017 says , 1% of the general population has schizophrenia.

 

 

Time changes, day by day the percentage of schizophrenic patients is also increasing.the symptoms are felt by many individuals and these symptoms are constant or episodic. This needs a life long treatment.

 

Schizophrenia and split-personality disorder

 

 Although schizophrenia and split-personality disorder come under mental illness,Both are not the same. They always create misunderstanding among the people. 

 

Symptoms of schizophrenia

 

The symptoms of this disorder differ from individual to individual. Some may develops it very quickly and in some there is a display of early signs. While the prominent signs and symptoms may appear later.

So, the early signs are

  • Blunt behaviour
  • Change in appearance
  • Inability to sleep
  • Unable to concentrate
  • Sudden change in personality
  • Hallucinations
  • Strange body positioning
  • Writing and speaking in a nonsensical way
  • Poor academic and professional performance
  • Strange feeling of being monitored
  • Extreme preoccupation with religion or occult

 

The schizophrenic symptoms are categorized into two ;

  • Positive symptoms
  • Negative symptoms

 

Positive symptoms of schizophrenia

 

The positive symptoms mean , there are one one disorders that come as an addition to the person’s personality.

These are like;

  • Delusion
  • Hallucination
  • Disorganized behavior
  • Disordered speech

 

Negative symptoms of schizophrenia

 

It is like the loss or subtraction of abilities from a person’s personality.

These are like ;

  • Social withdrawal
  • Showing no emotion when expressed

 

The person having negative symptoms is very less responsive to medications. So, there will be less chances to be normal.

 

In children

 

In children, the symptoms of this mental disorder is very easily recognizable. They have some eye catching symptoms , more often found in schizophrenic children. Like;

  • Decreased motor development
  • Decreased intelligence
  • Isolation
  • Poor academics result
  • Social anxiety

In teenagers

 

It’s very difficult to mark the signs in teens. Because, their mood swings, anxiety and all . their behavior is very similar to schizophrenia.so, this kind of teens show;

  • Delusions
  • Visual hallucination
  • Withdrawal from friends and family
  • Poor academic performance
  • Irritability
  • Depressed or dull mood
  • Trouble sleeping
  • Lack of motivation

 

Risk Factors 

  •  It is most likely to affect that person who is having a family history of schizophrenia.
  • Older age father
  • Substance abuse like drugs or alcohol
  • Immune system disorders
  • Trauma in childhood

 

Besides it there are some triggering factors like;

  • Stress
  • Change in social and economical status
  • Unemployment
  • Loss of a loved one
  • Any other diseases

 

Causes 

 

Mainly , there are six highly responsible causes. These directly affect the nervous system and make the person a schizophrenic one. 

 

Let’s discuss it , one by one

  1. Biological factor

Human brain has some chemicals called neurotransmitters. They have a great role in thinking , understanding and transmitting information between nerve cells.

 

If there is any kind of imbalance between the neurochemicals (like dopamine, glutamine and serotonin ) , they would alter the response to stimuli.

 

It results in delusions, hallucinations and other mental disorders.

 

  • Developmental factor

The improper development of the baby in the mother’s womb may lead to schizophrenia. Besides it more stress and inadequate nutrition during pregnancy can increase the risk of this mental disorder in the baby in later life. 

 

Infections in the uterus during delivery could also be a cause.improper development of pathways in the baby’s brain could be a cause of it.

 

  • Genetic factor

Onset of puberty brings many hormonal and physical changes in adults. Somehow it indirectly changes the genetic makeup of a person, causing schizophrenia.

 

  • Immunological factor

 

An immuno-deficit person can be sick and be hospitalized for alonger period. The period of hospitalization can make the person more vulnerable to schizophrenia.

 

  • Environmental factor

The environmental factors like prenatal stress, substance abuse, lifestyle, childhood trauma, family dysfunction and death of loved one can make a person schizophrenic one.

 

Diagnosis

 

Some diagnostic evaluations like physical examination, screening,mental evaluation can be done to evaluate the measures. 

  • Physical examinations

It is done to assess the overall health condition of the client before confirming the disease.

 

  • screening

Screening is mainly done for the substance abuse person. This helps to find out the real cause behind this mental disorder.some imaging tests like MRI,CT scan also recommended for this.

 

  • Mental evaluation

 

In this the mental health professional goes through the appearance , mood thoughts, hallucinations, delusions,drug use, suicidal thoughts etc of a person. This also includes some data related to a person’s family and personal life.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     

 

    

rom it?

 

Schizophrenia ! Have you ever heard this before? If no, then i want to tell you , schizophrenia was a very rare mental disorder. But, now this chronic disorder is very common. It starts from your brain and slowly affects the whole sensory, motor activities. Sometimes it has some serious effects on young adults.

 

What does schizophrenia mean?

 

It mainly refers to a person who has all the characteristics of this brain disorder. Like; hallucination, confusing thoughts, visualizing some things that are not present there , disorganized speech , abnormal body movement and also do not accept what  the reality is.

 

According to American Psychiatric Association(APA),

Schizophrenia affects less than 1% of the population.

 

Statistical reports

 

The statistical report of 2017 says , 1% of the general population has schizophrenia.

 

Time changes, day by day the percentage of schizophrenic patients is also increasing.the symptoms are felt by many individuals and these symptoms are constant or episodic. This needs a life long treatment.

 

Schizophrenia and split-personality disorder

 

 Although schizophrenia and split-personality disorder come under mental illness,Both are not the same. They always create misunderstanding among the people. 

 

Symptoms of schizophrenia

 

The symptoms of this disorder differ from individual to individual. Some may develops it very quickly and in some there is a display of early signs. While the prominent signs and symptoms may appear later.

So, the early signs are

  • Blunt behaviour
  • Change in appearance
  • Inability to sleep
  • Unable to concentrate
  • Sudden change in personality
  • Hallucinations
  • Strange body positioning
  • Writing and speaking in a nonsensical way
  • Poor academic and professional performance
  • Strange feeling of being monitored
  • Extreme preoccupation with religion or occult

 

The schizophrenic symptoms are categorized into two ;

  • Positive symptoms
  • Negative symptoms

 

Positive symptoms of schizophrenia

 

The positive symptoms mean , there are one one disorders that come as an addition to the person’s personality.

These are like;

  • Delusion
  • Hallucination
  • Disorganized behavior
  • Disordered speech

 

Negative symptoms of schizophrenia

 

It is like the loss or subtraction of abilities from a person’s personality.

These are like ;

  • Social withdrawal
  • Showing no emotion when expressed

 

The person having negative symptoms is very less responsive to medications. So, there will be less chances to be normal.

 

In children

 

In children, the symptoms of this mental disorder is very easily recognizable. They have some eye catching symptoms , more often found in schizophrenic children. Like;

  • Decreased motor development
  • Decreased intelligence
  • Isolation
  • Poor academics result
  • Social anxiety

In teenagers

 

It’s very difficult to mark the signs in teens. Because, their mood swings, anxiety and all . their behavior is very similar to schizophrenia.so, this kind of teens show;

  • Delusions
  • Visual hallucination
  • Withdrawal from friends and family
  • Poor academic performance
  • Irritability
  • Depressed or dull mood
  • Trouble sleeping
  • Lack of motivation

 

Risk Factors 

  •  It is most likely to affect that person who is having a family history of schizophrenia.
  • Older age father
  • Substance abuse like drugs or alcohol
  • Immune system disorders
  • Trauma in childhood

 

Besides it there are some triggering factors like;

  • Stress
  • Change in social and economical status
  • Unemployment
  • Loss of a loved one
  • Any other diseases

 

Causes 

 

Mainly , there are six highly responsible causes. These directly affect the nervous system and make the person a schizophrenic one. 

 

Let’s discuss it , one by one

  1. Biological factor

Human brain has some chemicals called neurotransmitters. They have a great role in thinking , understanding and transmitting information between nerve cells.

 

If there is any kind of imbalance between the neurochemicals (like dopamine, glutamine and serotonin ) , they would alter the response to stimuli.

 

It results in delusions, hallucinations and other mental disorders.

 

  • Developmental factor

The improper development of the baby in the mother’s womb may lead to schizophrenia. Besides it more stress and inadequate nutrition during pregnancy can increase the risk of this mental disorder in the baby in later life. 

 

Infections in the uterus during delivery could also be a cause.improper development of pathways in the baby’s brain could be a cause of it.

 

  • Genetic factor

Onset of puberty brings many hormonal and physical changes in adults. Somehow it indirectly changes the genetic makeup of a person, causing schizophrenia.

 

  • Immunological factor

 

An immuno-deficit person can be sick and be hospitalized for alonger period. The period of hospitalization can make the person more vulnerable to schizophrenia.

 

  • Environmental factor

The environmental factors like prenatal stress, substance abuse, lifestyle, childhood trauma, family dysfunction and death of loved one can make a person schizophrenic one.

 

Diagnosis

 

Some diagnostic evaluations like physical examination, screening,mental evaluation can be done to evaluate the measures. 

  • Physical examinations

It is done to assess the overall health condition of the client before confirming the disease.

 

  • screening

Screening is mainly done for the substance abuse person. This helps to find out the real cause behind this mental disorder.some imaging tests like MRI,CT scan also recommended for this.

 

  • Mental evaluation

 

In this the mental health professional goes through the appearance , mood thoughts, hallucinations, delusions,drug use, suicidal thoughts etc of a person. This also includes some data related to a person’s family and personal life.

 

 

 

 

 

     

 

    

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