DIABETES ( The silent killer)

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 Nowadays millions of people suffering from diabetes. Basically, the cause behind this is the lifestyle that they follow and sleeping patterns, diet and etc.

 

So, diabetes is of two types;

 

.type 1 diabetes

 

.type2 diabetes

 

TYPE 1 DIABETES

 

It is caused due to more amount of carbohydrate consumption. Mainly the carbohydrate foods are simplified in our small intestine and produce glucose. This glucose circulates in our bloodstream and reaches our pancreas .in our pancreas there is the presence of B-cell which secretes insulin hormones. Then the insulin mix with the bloodstream and goes to the cell. Basically, this insulin acts as a lock and key. They bind with the cells receptors and pass glucose into the cells.

 

 

 

If there is an excess amount of glucose in our bloodstream, then the glucose level rises up in our blood .because of which we suffer from hyperglycemia.

 

Complications

 

.Hyperglycemia

 

.genital itching

 

.thirdness

 

.thrust

 

.weightloss

 

.urination

 

.blurred vision

 

DIAGNOSIS

 

.Glucose tolorence test[GTT]

 

.fasting blood glucose

 

.ppbg

 

TYPE-2 DIABETES

 

The type-2 diabetes occurs for the two regions

 

.if our pancreas does not secret insulin

 

.our cells are making the resistance to it.

 

There are many kinds of receptors in our cells which receive glucose into it .if there is any kind of abnormality or our cells create insulin resistance than the glucose doesn’t enter into our cells.

 

On another part due to the increase glucose level in our blood if the pancreas secrets more amount of insulin (mainly the b –cells) then these are all accumulate in our body and our body shows various abnormalities.

 

Complications

 

.Diabetes ketoacidosis(DKA)

 

.Hyperosmolar hyperglycemic nonketotic syndrome(HHNS)

 

.Hypoglycemia

 

DIABETIC KETO ACIDOSIS

 

There are various amount of glucose as well as insulin accumulate in our body. so, our body uses fat and protein as an energy-producing source. As a result, the fat breakdown and the ketone body produced in a large amount. which results in Diabetic ketoacidosis. It causes a coma even if death.

 

HYPEROSMOLAR   HYPERGLYCEMIC NONKETOTIC SYNDROM

 

When glucose level rises up in our body, it goes to the kidney for filtration. Then a lot of glucose, as well as water, excrete from our body. A large amount of glucose also reabsorbs into our bloodstream as a result of which the blood conc. rises up, then it absorbs the fluid from the cells and tissues. Because of which the person may suffer from hydration. It results in severe neurological disorders and coma.

 

HYPOGLYCEMIA

 

Oral hypoglycemic medication may damage the brain cells like neurons .they maybe decrease the glucose level in excess which causes nervousness, diabetic coma, confusion etc.

 

TREATMENTS

 

.PLENTY OF FRUITS, VEGETABLES, WHOLE GRAINS

 

.REGULAR MEAL AND SNACKS

 

.EAT BALANCED CARBOHYDRATE, PROTEIN, AND FAT

 

.MINIMAL THE LEVEL OF HIGH SUGAR FOODS

 

.DO EXERCISE FOER MINIMUM OF 30 MINS A DAY

 

 

 

 

IN SEVERE TAKE INSULIN MEDICATIONS AS PER THE PHYSICIAN ORDER.

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